James Phillips, Ph.D., is a cultural anthropologist who has been visiting and studying Nicaragua since 1984, including eighteen months in the country (1985-87) during the Contra War. His most recent visits were in January and September, 2018. He is the author of many articles and book chapters on social change and related issues in Nicaragua. He is also the author of Honduras in Dangerous Times: Resistance and Resilience (2015). He is Affiliate Professor of Anthropology (Ret.) at Southern Oregon University.