Zinn on class in America
NO ADVERTISING, GOVERNMENT OR CORPORATE FUNDING
DONATE TODAY


  April 7, 2009

Zinn on class in America


Howard Zinn Pt2: In the United States we are brought up to think there's only one class
Members don't see ads. If you are a member, and you're seeing this appeal, click here
   


audio

Share to Facebook Share to Twitter



I support The Real News Network because it is not entertainment...it is real news. - David Pear
Log in and tell us why you support TRNN


biography

Howard Zinn was an American historian, political scientist, social critic, activist and playwright. He is best known as author of the best-seller 'A People's History of the United States'. Zinn has been active in the Civil Rights and the anti-war movements in the United States. Howard Zinn passed away on January 27, 2010. Zinn was raised in a working-class family in Brooklyn, and flew bombing missions for the United States in World War II, an experience he now points to in shaping his opposition to war. In 1956, he became a professor at Spelman College in Atlanta, a school for black women, where he soon became involved in the Civil rights movement, which he participated in as an adviser to the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee SNCC and chronicled, in his book SNCC The New Abolitionists. Zinn collaborated with historian Staughton Lynd and mentored a young student named Alice Walker. When he was fired in 1963 for insubordination related to his protest work, he moved to Boston University, where he became a leading critic of the Vietnam War.


transcript

Zinn on class in AmericaPLEASE NOTE, THIS IS AN UNEDITED TRANSCRIPT. THE REAL NEWS NETWORK IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR MISTAKES. EDITORIAL CHANGES MAY OCCUR.

PAUL JAY: Welcome back to the next segment of our interview with Howard Zinn. We're in Harvard in Boston, and we're talking about the Obama administration, the economy, and where we're all headed. Thanks for joining us. So we left off, in the first segment of the interview, talking—you were talking about how Roosevelt had a massive direct-jobs program to try to stimulate the private sector to then, hopefully, hire. He just went out and created a program hiring millions of people. Now, the Republicans are making a critique, and other economists who you can say believe in the free market are making [inaudible] that any of this, including Obama's plan, or the plan you're proposing, direct hiring, leads to massive inflation, that there's no way to pay for all of this. You wind up having to print money. And so in the end you compound the problem. So even if you have a stimulus for awhile, where you employ people for awhile, at the end of all this the currency's so debased that you wind up having a more severe crisis. What do you make of that?

HOWARD ZINN: Well, it's interesting to me that when the government is spending hundreds of billions, into the trillions, to give to the banks, they don't say that is government spending which will lead to inflation.

JAY: Well, some do, some do. Like, Republicans are kind of hypocritical about this [inaudible] Republicans are saying if some Republicans support some of the bank bailout and they don't want the other kind of stimulus. But there are other economists out there not so much connected to the Republican Party who are just against all of it, including the bank bailouts. They say let the banks go bankrupt. Essentially, the theory is capitalism needs to go through these cycles where it destroys these overinflated things, and let them go, and then rebuild.

ZINN: Yeah. Well, I would certainly agree. Let them go. [inaudible] don't use money to bail out financial institutions and industries, you know, that have failed. But on this issue of building up a huge debt, spending more money than you have, there was no such cry raised—this is my point—when a government that could not find enough money to increase the wages of teachers or government, you know, that could not find more money for health programs, that this government suddenly finds this huge sum of money, you know, for the bailout. And the argument against a single-payer health system that is a government-organized free health care for everybody is that it would cost too much money. But the fact is that the money is there. The money exists in two places which can be tapped and which hasn't been tapped. One is in the enormous incomes of people at the very top. If you taxed people at the very top in a truly progressive way, you would have hundreds and hundreds of billions of dollars to pay for programs like health care, jobs, and so on. If at the same time you decreased very drastically the military budget—. Now, our military budget now is $600 billion to $700 billion for the year.

JAY: Some people say that if you take everything, then it might be as much as $1 trillion.

ZINN: If you take everything?

JAY: If you include everything—associated costs with bases and other things, it might even be $1 trillion. Some people [inaudible]

ZINN: Yeah, $1 trillion. Yes, exactly. It's a huge sum of money. Imagine making all of that money available to pay for these social programs—job creation, really free health care for everybody. What I'm arguing is that the money is available when you want to go to war. The money is available when you're bailing out big business. And suddenly the money's not available when you're talking about jobs and health care. And I think we need a sort of reversal of our attitudes towards, you know, what is government for.

JAY: So if you were assessing this period from the point of view of people's history, what do you make of this Obama administration so far? And what attitude should people take towards it? Because while from the left, and even some sections of the right, Obama is not living up to what they hoped he would do, the Obama administration is in a fight with the Republican Party, still, on the right, even to do some of the progressive things they're trying to do, or incrementally progressive things they're trying to do. So the fight goes on with the right, now. And looming in the distance not that far away, assuming this administration will last eight years, what happens eight years from now if this administration is deemed to be a failure? And what kind of administration follows?

ZINN: Well, I think the job of the progressive movement is to try to make the Obama administration not a failure. I think the—I'm speaking here for the progressive movement. (Of course they haven't elected me as their spokesman; I've elected myself.) But the—.

JAY: You sold a lot of books. That gives you the—.

ZINN: Of course. And I think the job of the progressive movement is to save Obama from and the Democratic Party from a defeat in the next election or two elections from now, because if Obama continues with what I think are puny measures against a situation which is very far from puny, that is, that this is a very serious crisis that we're in, both abroad in foreign policy, in the two wars going on, and in the domestic economic crisis. If the puny measures continue, then, yes, the Republicans will have a very great advantage in 2008. And a progressive—.

JAY: Two thousand twelve, and then 2016.

ZINN: Well, but certainly in 2008, yes. And I think that a progressive movement needs to create a kind of energy around Obama and push the Obama administration into the bolder moves that will help solve our present situation, and at the same time make his administration and the Democratic Party invulnerable to a Republican onslaught in that election that takes place eight years from now.

JAY: But how do you get there? Right now there's barely—I don't know. I think that they had a health reform—one of his consultative conferences, I think they invited one person that progressives can say they're [inaudible] progressive [inaudible] When he had his economic consultative conference, I think there were two. And in the cabinet, I think that even the labor secretary's sort of considered that, but other than that, the number's sort of zero. His advisory committee around him, I think the progressives would probably claim zero. Where is there any indication that Obama is listening to any of this?

ZINN: Well, I mean, you're right in pointing out that the people closest to Obama—well, the people he has appointed to be closest to him—are not giving him the kind of advice that will really save our country. And, therefore, the American people have to create an energy that bypasses his advisors and reaches him. That is, if people are in the streets, if people are demonstrating, if people are outside the gates of the capital, and if people are out on the banks of the Potomac like the Bonus Marchers, or like Martin Luther King's, you know, poverty campaign, poor people's campaign, if people are out there, then the president, whatever his advisors are saying, the president will have to listen, just as in the Vietnam War. The people surrounding Lyndon Johnson and the people surrounding Richard Nixon were all for continuing his same policies, but what was happening out in the society was that a movement was growing which they had to listen to. And so the war in Vietnam had to come to an end because of that. That's what we need. We need a grassroots movement. We need a kind of movement and we need the kind of turmoil that took place in the 1930s, where you had civil disobedience all over the country, you got strikes all over the country.

JAY: Well, if there's going to be something at a level that's going to be heard and have significance, one would think, the big labor unions are somehow going to have to be a part of this. And so in the next segment of our interview, let's talk about what's happening with the big trade unions, 'cause they're about the only big national organizations there are that might have this potential. Please join us for the next segment of our interview with Howard Zinn.



Comments

Our automatic spam filter blocks comments with multiple links and multiple users using the same IP address. Please make thoughtful comments with minimal links using only one user name. If you think your comment has been mistakenly removed please email us at contact@therealnews.com

latest stories

Ecuador Proposes Worldwide Elimination of Tax Havens
Why the Federal Reserve Needs To Go Beyond Interest Rate Policy
Anti-BDS Campaign Aims to Undermine Academic Freedom and Free Speech on Palestine
'Hands Dripping with the Blood of the Afghan People': US Agrees to Pardon and Reward Warlord
Recall Referendum on Maduro Moves to Next Phase in spite of "Irregularities"
Gary Johnson Supporters: Privatize Everything, But Not the Commission on Presidential Debates
TPP Will Effectively Kill Climate Treaties
US National Security Policy for Climate Change Seeks Security for Corporate-Controlled Assets
U.S. Policy in Syria: Regime Change or Regime 'Facelift'?
Berlin Election Outcome Signals Merkel's Tenuous Grip on Chancellorship
Charlotte Protests Escalate as Police Refuse to Release Video
Dangers of the Proposed Bayer-Monsanto Merger
Police Killings from Charlotte to Tulsa Spark Calls for Boycotts and Justice
SEC Accusations Against US Billionaire Highlights Centrality of Insider Trading to Hedge Fund Profits
MST Occupies Government Building in Salvador, Bahia
Baltimore City Council Candidate: Neighbors Need to Organize to Change the City
Israeli Arms Industry Faces Existential Threat in New US Aid Agreement
Trudeau's Liberals Adopt Harper Government's Carbon Targets
Corbyn and the Roots of Labour's Discontent
With Most of Dakota Access Pipeline Approved, Final Battle Remains Over Critical Portion
Does a Golden Parachute Await Wells Fargo CEO John Stumpf?
US Indifference to Congolese Repression Ensures Its Access to Nation's Mineral Resources
Chris Hedges: To Stop Terrorism, End U.S. Occupation of the Middle East
Can a Lebanon-Style Solution End the Syrian War?
Yale to Face Protests for Whitewashing Paul Kagame's Human Rights Record
Record US Aid to Israel Reflects Growing Influence of Military-Industrial Complex
Work Stoppage Prison Strike Continues in 11 US States
The Democratic Party Fatigue of Black Lives Matter Millennials
The MOMENTUM Behind Jeremy Corbyn
Green Party VP Ajamu Baraka on Human Rights Violations in the United States

TheRealNewsNetwork.com, RealNewsNetwork.com, The Real News Network, Real News Network, The Real News, Real News, Real News For Real People, IWT are trademarks and service marks of Independent World Television inc. "The Real News" is the flagship show of IWT and The Real News Network.

All original content on this site is copyright of The Real News Network. Click here for more

Problems with this site? Please let us know

Linux VPS Hosting by Star Dot Hosting