Congressional Progressive Caucus Budget Strikes Back Against Austerity
Robert Pollin: The Congressional Progressive Caucus's budget would
spending on education, healthcare and the green economy while rolling
back cuts against social services - March 19, 2014
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Robert Pollin is Distinguished Professor of Economics and Co-Director of the Political Economy Research Institute (PERI) at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst. He is also the founder and President of PEAR (Pollin Energy and Retrofits), an Amherst, MA-based green energy company operating throughout the United States. His books include The Living Wage: Building a Fair Economy (co-authored 1998); Contours of Descent: U.S. Economic Fractures and the Landscape of Global Austerity (2003); An Employment-Targeted Economic Program for South Africa (co-authored 2007); A Measure of Fairness: The Economics of Living Wages and Minimum Wages in the United States (co-authored 2008), Back to Full Employment (2012), Green Growth (2014), Global Green Growth (2015) and Greening the Global Economy (forthcoming 2015). He has worked recently as a consultant for the U.S. Department of Energy, the International Labour Organization, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization and numerous non-governmental organizations in several countries on various aspects of building high-employment green economies. He has also directed projects on employment creation and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa for the United Nations Development Program, and has worked with many U.S. non-governmental organizations on creating living wage statutes at both the statewide and municipal levels. He is presently a member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the European Commission project on Financialization, Economy, Society, and Sustainable Development (FESSUD). He was selected by Foreign Policy magazine as one of the “100 Leading Global Thinkers for 2013.”
ANTON WORONCZUK, TRNN PRODUCER: Welcome to The Real News Network. I'm Anton Woronczuk in Baltimore. And welcome to another edition of The Pollin Report.Now joining us is Robert Pollin. Robert Pollin is a professor of economics and a founding codirector of the Political Economy Research Institute at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.Thanks for joining us, Bob.ROBERT POLLIN, CODIRECTOR, PERI: Thank you very much for having me on.WORONCZUK: So the Congressional Progressive Caucus recently released their proposal for a federal budget that they claim will add about 9Â million jobs to the economy over the next few years. Talk about the budget and whether you think that their projections are possible.POLLIN: I think it's a very credible budget that the Congressional Progressive Caucus has put out, the "Better Off Budget". Let's start with the things that we know are very straightforward. The projections on job creation are somewhat speculative. But here's some of the basic things.The budget that they've laid out directly attacks austerity. So that's number one. That's really outstanding. So, for example, the cuts to food stamps, I mean, some really basic stuff: 47Â million people are facing cuts in food stamps. That's 15Â percent of the population. Twenty-twoÂ million children are facing cuts in their access to food. So we are directly attacking food insecurity through the basic budget. So if it didn't do anything else, just starting there is a really good place to start.The cuts for unemployment insurance that were being experienced by long-term unemployed, those are reversed. So we're giving unemployment insurance to people who are suffering long-term unemployment due to the paltry, slow recovery out of this recession. So that's good.Pensions for public-sector workers, including military workers. The cuts that were enacted under the sequester are reversed.Spending on infrastructure, spending on schools, spending on health care, spending on the green economy, all of those things are expanding, not contracting, under the congressional budget'sÂ—Better Off Budget. So all of those things are really critical. They're all moving in the right direction.Now, if you spend more money in these areas, obviously, you have to pay for them somehow. So what do they do in terms of taxes? Well, number one, they follow the so-called Warren Buffett rule, Warren Buffett being the multi-multi-billionaire investor who says, in his opinion, he shouldn't have to pay a lower tax rate than his secretary. And so, effectively they are enacting the Warren Buffett rule by saying that the taxes that are paid on capital income have to be equivalent to taxes paid by people working for a living. Okay? So that's excellent.Number two, they are raising tax rates, income tax rates on people making $250,000 and more back up toÂ—only up to the Clinton era levels of taxes. So it's a modest tax increase on the wealthy.Third, they're enacting a financial transaction tax, a tax on every single trade in the financial marketsÂ—a very, very modest tax, but that tax can generate a lot of money.They're closing loopholes for the fossil fuel industry. Oil, coal, natural gas are still being subsidized while they're burning up the earth. So we have that going on.And on top of that, we have a carbon tax, so that every time fossil fuel companies emit carbon into the atmosphere that is causing climate change, they have to pay for doing so. And the money gets rebated back to middle-income and lower-income families. So that's how they are able to spend more on meeting social needs and pay for it. The net result is that the deficit actually goes down. So the projection that they have, which I think is a credible projection, is that over time, the deficit will be actually at a lower level as a share of the economy, as a share of GDP than it has been on average over the last 50 years.WORONCZUK: And this proposal to create more jobs, what kind of jobs will be created?POLLIN: Well, jobs across the board, because the main wayÂ—of course, when you spend money on things like education, health care, infrastructure, you do create jobs. But, of course, when you take money out of people's pockets in terms of taxes, you reduce jobs. So where does the net stimulus to jobs come from? Basically, it comes from reducing inequality in the economy, because obviously what we see is we're spending more on meeting basic social needs, health care, food security, family security, education, infrastructure, and essentially we're taking the money out of the wealthy and Wall Street speculation.Now, the net effect of that is that it makes this a more equal society. And when you have more equality, you have spending increasing in the overall economy. Demand increases. Why? Because middle-class people, poor people, if they get more money in their pockets, they spend it. Wealthy people, if they get more money in their pockets, they use it much more for saving or for speculation. So we're going to reduce speculation and we're going to increase spending. That's the first way that you get job creation.The second way is, precisely, by reducing speculation, we reduce financial crises, we stabilize the economy. And that also will help create jobs.WORONCZUK: Bob Pollin, thanks so much for joining us.POLLIN: Thank you very much for having me on.WORONCZUK: And thank you for joining us on The Real News Network.
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