• Latest News
  • Pitch a Story
  • Work with a Journalist
  • Join the Blog Squad
  • Afghanistan
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Baltimore
  • Canada
  • Egypt
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • Middle East
  • Russia
  • Economy
  • Environment
  • Health Care
  • Military
  • Occupy
  • Organize This
  • Reality Asserts Itself
  • US Politics
  • Turkey in Crisis: Understanding the Erdogan/ Gulen Split

    Baris Karaagac: The events of the past two years has plunged Turkey into crisis, pitting two of the country's most powerful figures and former allies against each other Turkish PM Erdogan and Islamic preacher Gulen, currently in self-imposed exile in the United States -   January 13, 2014
    Members don't see ads. If you are a member, and you're seeing this appeal, click here


    Share to Facebook Share to Twitter

    The in-depth interviews with knowledgeable people are a gold mine to those of us with questing minds who are determined to pursue the facts, wherever they may lead. - Jennifer Humiston
    Log in and tell us why you support TRNN


    Baris Karaagac is a lecturer in International Development Studies at Trent University, in Ontario. He is also the editor of the book Accumulations, Crises and Struggles: Capital and Labour in Contemporary Capitalism.


    Turkey in Crisis: Understanding the Erdogan/ Gulen SplitPAUL JAY, SENIOR EDITOR, TRNN: Welcome to The Real News Network. I'm Paul Jay in Baltimore.

    In 2002, when the AKP Party came to power in Turkey, it was considered a new form of Islamic government. It was a marriage, some said, of neoliberalism and Islam. And this was going to be the alternative to the Iranian or even the al-Qaeda model. Turkey was headed, sooner or later, everyone thought, into the European Union. Certainly many forces on both sides within Turkey and Europe wanted it. Of course, there were many opponents. But it was a system, a government, an economy that was fully integrated into global capitalism, and increasingly with success.

    Well, now is all that unraveling? Is this marriage of neoliberalism and Islam coming apart? It's an incredibly complicated drama that's going to affect the lives of millions of people in Turkey and in the region, and it's very complicated. And we're going to try to make some sense of it and introduce you to some of the main players, including a preacher, an Islamic preacher that lives in the United States that's considered certainly one of the most influential Muslims in Turkey, and some people say even in the world.

    Now joining us to try to make sense of all this, for those of us who really don't understand it that well--and I would have to include myself--is Baris Karaagac. Baris is a lecturer in international development studies at Trent University in Ontario, Canada. He teaches, amongst other things, Turkish affairs. He's also the editor of the book Accumulations, Crisis, Struggles: Capital and Labour in Contemporary Capitalism.

    Thanks for joining us again, Baris.


    JAY: So, as I said, this is a very complicated story. But as quickly as you can, give us a little bit of background. Just my starting point is, I understand it, Erdoğan comes to power in 2002. He becomes the prime minister a year later. And he's in alliance with a preacher living in the United States named G├╝len. And now they have turned on each other, and it's throwing the whole project into severe crisis. And, of course, combined with that is the issue of the arrests of the military leaders and so on. So make some sense of this for us.

    KARAAGAC: For many people who've been following Turkish politics, the recent events since December┬á17 came as a huge surprise, a shock. As a part of a corruption probe on December┬á17, a couple of weeks ago, 47 people were detained, and including the sons of three ministers, cabinet ministers. A construction tycoon [incompr.] has really close ties to the prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, and who has been really--really become rich, quite wealthy in the last decade [incompr.] AKP [incompr.] as well as the CEO of one of the major banks in Turkey, Halkbank, the seventh-largest bank in Turkey. And these people were detained, 47 people, based on charges related to fraud, bribery, money laundering, and smuggling gold.

    So Turkish--it was a surprise for all of us, because if we leave aside--of course, it's difficult to do that, but if we could leave aside the Kurdish issue and the Turkish state's adventures in the Middle East recently, Turkish politics has been quite stable for over a decade, since the AKP came to power in 2002, because I remember it really well. Many people in Turkey and abroad remember it really well. There had not been a majority government in Turkey for about ten years before the AKP came to power. So it was a decade of stability.

    But this stability seems to be over, with the two constituent components, elements of the AKP, the ruling party, fighting right now.

    Actually, there has been significant tension for a couple of years. Two years ago--.

    First, before I talk about it, I need to give you some information about those two major components of the coalition.

    So the first one is the Fethullah G├╝len community. Fethullah G├╝len is a former preacher and imam who has worked in and preached in Turkey for many years. I think he retired in 1981. But he's risen as the leader of this community.

    JAY: Now, this is the preacher who's now living in the United States and, if I understand it correctly, very pro-West, very pro free market, and so on.

    KARAAGAC: Since 1999, he's been living in a self-imposed exile in the United States, in Pennsylvania, and he has not gone to Turkey in the last 14 years.

    And this guy is not only a religious scholar, a preacher, or imam, but he's the head of a very, very powerful community. And this community has been able to take control of important parts of the Turkish state in the last ten years during its coalition with Erdoğan and his supporters.

    JAY: Can I--just let me ask one question first. Given that he was in alliance with Erdoğan until--what?--just a couple of years ago, why is he living in exile all this time?

    KARAAGAC: Well, he still, I think, has concerns about, you know, his safety. Or, you know, he still is--his organization is so well-founded and strong, powerful in Turkey that he doesn't need to go there. This person has been organizing since the 1970s, but particularly after the military takeover in 1980, which created significant space for him. And now he controls the police force--at least until now, he's controlled the police force and the key positions in the judiciary. And this is one component.

    JAY: And this is why Erdoğan thinks he's driving these corruption investigations and charges.

    KARAAGAC: Yes. And he's actually--his own community's behind these corruption charges.

    But I would like to give you some numbers to understand the power of this community. His community, in 134 countries today, has more than 400, or, according to some sources, even more, more than 500, 600 private schools, and it has 38 dormitories. And within Turkey, if there is a more than 200 private schools, if there is--you know, there are those places where many students stay and hold houses of lights, referring to the movement itself, and again, 460 private schools that prepare secondary school students for university entrance examination.

    And on the other side, when we look at the economic aspect of his community, we don't know the exact figures. No one knows. And some of the capital it controls is unrecorded. But many sources argue that it controls more than $100 billion worth of capital, because it's--.

    JAY: And where did all this come from?

    KARAAGAC: Well, this is the work of decades of organization in Turkey. And they have their own business organization called TUSKON, which has offices from the United States to Beijing to Addis Ababa and Moscow, and they have completely integrated into international global circuits, markets.

    Again, as you said, some of the defining characteristics of this person, Fethullah G├╝len, and his movement are that they are pro-West and they are pro free market. They are neoliberals. Right? So now they're an important part of those global circuits, markets. This is one--.

    JAY: Baris, hold on. So how religious is all of this? I mean, this is starting to sound like this guy Moon from South Korea.

    KARAAGAC: No. There is--of course there's a quite religious base to everything that I've said. These are, in the end, conservative Muslims. But when I say conservative Muslims, we're not talking about the Islam of al-Qaeda or Iran.

    JAY: So what are his differences with Erdoğan?

    KARAAGAC: With Erdoğan--so the tension started in--well, it started to increase two years ago, when the G├╝len community tried to take control of the national intelligence agency and they failed. So he wanted a bigger piece of the pie. So this is a struggle, a fight over more political power in the country, a struggle, a fight over [incompr.] control a larger part of the Turkish state.

    JAY: And Erdoğan's supporters to some extent, from what I read, paint this that Erdoğan is less pro-West, less believing in free markets. I mean, is that any truth to it? Or is this just a rivalry for power between two groups that don't have that much difference in how they would actually rule Turkey?

    KARAAGAC: Well, actually, you're right. When we go back to late 1990s, they converge over an ideology based on neoliberal ideology, actually, based on free markets, integration into the global circuits, you know, a lighter version of Islam compared to--that's practiced in the neighboring countries in the Middle East. But Erdoğan, maybe the major difference is that while Erdoğan has more zigzags, Fethullah G├╝len and his community has been consistently pro-West and consistently pro-neoliberalism.

    JAY: But would the Americans--I mean, even if he's more pro-West and more neoliberal, is there any suggestion here that the Americans would actually prefer and might be encouraging him? Because you would think the destabilization of the Turkish state is more threatening to American policy than to have, you know, this guy versus Erdoğan.

    KARAAGAC: Recently there has been some tension between the Americans and Erdoğan, and Erdoğan accusing the American ambassador in Ankara for meddling with Turkish politics, but I think it's still quite early to say something about it.

    But there's another significant difference when it comes to nationalism. So the G├╝len community has assumed a much more nationalistic--and, you know, [incompr.] refer to it as a chauvinistic attitude towards the Kurdish issue, particularly recently, compared to Erdoğan.

    JAY: Now, Erdoğan wants to have a constitutional rewrite that would give him a lot more power and see him in office a lot longer. Is this part of what's triggering all of this?

    KARAAGAC: It could be, but those attempts, you know, no one's talking about them right now. It's a power struggle within the state. That's how I see it. That's--many people see it in Turkey.

    JAY: Now, just quickly, in terms of some of the stuff that's happening--and tell me if I'm summing this up correctly. So the prosecutors who are going after these circles around Erdoğan, which--people consider that G├╝len is the guy kind of driving this--they were the same prosecutors that went after much of the military leadership a few years ago, and a lot of those military leaders went to jail. And now Erdoğan is saying, oh, well, if those guys put the military in jail and maybe they put them in jail unjustly, 'cause I think they're going after my guys unjustly, but in fact is what's happening here that Erdoğan wants to make an alliance with the old military leaders and see if he can't get rid of G├╝len?

    KARAAGAC: I think the military right now is the Armed Forces are more sympathetic towards Erdoğan. Again, it was the prosecutors of the G├╝len community that started all these trials [crosstalk]

    JAY: Against the military.

    KARAAGAC: So they--I think they're siding with Erdoğan right now, as opposed to the G├╝len movement.

    But also I would like to talk about the Iranian connection here.

    JAY: Yeah. Go ahead.

    KARAAGAC: Should I go on? Okay.

    So one of the interesting figures, people who got detained and then arrested four days later, last month, is that Iranian--originally Iranian Azeri guy called Reza Zarrab. And he assumed the Turkish name of Rıza Sarraf. And this guy acted as a middleman to--because, as you remember, in March┬á2012 the international--Iranians were banned from using the international monetary transfer system called SWIFT. So in order to circumvent this ban, these sanctions, in Turkey, this public-owned bank, Halkbank, Turkey opened an account for Iran so that it could continue to buy gas and oil from Turkey and then pay the Iranians. So this guy acted as a middleman.

    What would be done is that this money would be deposited in this bank. Then on international markets gold would be purchased, and through this guy, Reza Zarrab, it will be funneled, it will be sent to Iran. And this continued for over a year.

    And in this process, what now we know or what the allegation or the accusation is that Reza Zarrab paid in bribes millions and millions of dollars to some of the leading figures in Erdoğan's cabinet. One of them is the minister of economy, ├çağlayan, and over--in the course of only two years, Zarrab paid him 103┬ámillion Turkish lira, equivalent of USD┬á49┬ámillion.

    JAY: Paid them to do what?

    KARAAGAC: So that this transfer of gold from Turkey to Iran would be realized. And the same guy paid the CEO of Halkbank about--close to $8 million in the same period.

    JAY: So just in short, in terms of the consequences of this political crisis in Turkey in the region, in terms of global politics, are we really looking at anything that promises any kind of different character to the basic objectives of this Turkish state? I mean, everyone in this story so far is essentially--you know, one way or the other, wants to be part of the Western sphere of influence. They want to stay within the global capitalism. And that includes the military. So, I mean, there's a jockeying for power, but is it really going to--whatever comes of it, is it going to be that significant?

    KARAAGAC: It is difficult to predict, first of all, the outcome of this process, this power struggle. But even if, you know, we knew or, you know, even if one of these two parties or components, elements of the coalition Erdoğan, I don't think that much will change in Turkey. And this is mostly due to the absence of an opposition with a counterhegemonic project in Turkey today.

    JAY: So, just in short, I mean, one thing I guess it might do, although I think this was already happening within the last few months, Turkey's involvement in Syria, you would think their eyes are not going to be very much on what's going on in Syria right now, trying to deal with all this domestic crisis.

    KARAAGAC: Absolutely. Absolutely. And then Turkey has followed a very unsuccessful policy, foreign policy in Syria. I would call it vary spineless and vicious. And it has been an utter, a complete failure.

    And, now, again, while some people still discuss and there are some references to the humanitarian crisis in Syria, of course this is in the background.

    And before I forget, there's--you asked the difference, or about the difference between Erdoğan and G├╝len, the G├╝len community. One of the major differences also would be their stance towards Israel, the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. For example, during the flotilla incident of 2010, the G├╝len did not put any blame on the Israeli state and its forces, but it blamed the government for allowing those people to go to Palestine.

    JAY: But is G├╝len any--I mean, actually, you have to clarify what you just said. Is G├╝len considered more or less critical of Israel?

    KARAAGAC: Well, in this case he's more cautious when he voices opposition or when he wants to voice criticism against Israel than Erdoğan. Again, we should keep in mind that Erdoğan comes from, originally, from the National Vision or Outlook movement, which was founded in the late 1960s by the late prime minister Necmettin Erbakan. And the characteristics of this movement was anti--or [incompr.] were anti-Westernism and incredulity towards free markets.

    JAY: Right. But my understanding during the Gaza flotilla business, that Erdoğan was, you know, in terms of rhetoric and sort of public positioning, very critical of the Israelis, but in reality didn't do much, there was still military cooperation going on, lots of economic cooperation going on. You know, he didn't--you know, his opposition to what Israel did to the Gaza flotilla didn't go very deep.

    KARAAGAC: Yeah. Sure. Not much has changed. And even if they were not going on at the time or were--some of these relations were frozen; they resumed later on. But still, I think he feels that tension that emerges within his real base. So he was--for example, what happened in Davos, and later on when we look at his discourse, this really critical discourse towards Israel, then he was responding, actually engaging with his own electoral bases.

    JAY: And I guess in the final analysis, the army's going to decide the winner of this, are they?

    KARAAGAC: Of this power struggle in Turkey?

    JAY: Yes.

    KARAAGAC: I doubt that, if you're implying that it would intervene.

    JAY: No, not implying it would intervene. But if Erdoğan gets the army on its side, fully on his side, and they--it seems to me that's why he would let all these old military guys out of jail who were sent there for corruption charges, which I assume the military will be happy with. If the military's fully behind Erdoğan, how much can G├╝len do?

    KARAAGAC: Well, it is really very, very difficult to say anything about it. But, again, we're talking about a very, very well organized and powerful community in Turkey.

    Recently, one of the leading figures of Erdoğan's circle, Numan Kurtulmuş, he wanted a survey to be done with regard to the power, the actual power of the G├╝len community in Turkey. He thought [incompr.] many people with the AKP there, it may be 3┬ápercent of the electoral vote. But then it turned out that after a poll [incompr.] about 8┬ápercent, but their influence could go up to 16┬ápercent of the vote. So we're dealing with a very, very powerful community with, also, international linkages.

    JAY: Right. Alright. Well, as I started in the very beginning, it's very complicated. We went a fair--longer than usual trying to get into this, but this is a complicated issue. And we will return to it, 'cause certainly what happens in Turkey is of tremendous consequences to the region, and thus to the rest of us.

    Thanks joining us, Baris.

    KARAAGAC: Thank you.

    JAY: And thank you for joining us on The Real News Network.


    DISCLAIMER: Please note that transcripts for The Real News Network are typed from a recording of the program. TRNN cannot guarantee their complete accuracy.


    Our automatic spam filter blocks comments with multiple links and multiple users using the same IP address. Please make thoughtful comments with minimal links using only one user name. If you think your comment has been mistakenly removed please email us at


    Latest Stories

    Ukraine Transitional Gov't Moves Militarily To Reclaim Seized Buildings
    IPCC Report Flawed By Narrow Focus on Carbon Emissions
    The Modern History of Venezuela: The Bolivarian Revolution - Edgardo Lander on Reality Asserts Itself (5/9)
    Obama Signs Directives to Reduce the Gender Wage Gap
    Eastern Ukraine Lacks Political Representation in Kiev
    Demystifying the Role of Mitigation in the Most Recent IPCC Report
    Hypersurveillance State Won't Prevent Another Boston Marathon Bombing
    The Modern History of Venezuela from 1973 to the Caracazo Massacre - Edgardo Lander on Reality Asserts Itself (3/9)
    Univ. of Maine Faculty Reinstated After Students Protest Against Cuts
    The Modern History of Venezuela from 1908 to 1973 - Edgardo Lander on Reality Asserts Itself (2/9)
    IMF Will Address Global Inequality, Says Managing Director Christine Lagarde
    Raising Big Banks' Leverage Ratio Good, But Not Nearly Enough
    TRNN Replay: Austerity Road to 19th Century
    Has Palestinian Maneuvering Revived Peace Talks?
    Late Jackson Mayor Lumumba's Son Wins Primary to Replace His Father, Runoff Election Ahead
    Quebecers Reject PQ and Elect a Liberal Government Representing Big Business
    TRNN Debate: Decriminalization vs. Legalization
    The Beginning of the Chavez Era - Edgardo Lander on Reality Asserts Itself (4/9)
    "Off With His Head": Court Upholds Obama's Power to Kill
    Workers at Nation's Top Hospital Strike For Fair Wages
    From Exile to Radicalization in Venezuela - Edgardo Lander on Reality Asserts Itself (1/9)
    Rwanda 20 Years Later: Genocide, Western Plunder of Congo, and President Kagame
    Ukrainian Protesters in the East Demand More Autonomy From Kiev Government
    Hunger Strikers Demand President Obama Halt His Record 2 Million Deportations
    Indian Parliamentary Elections - A Primer With Vijay Prashad
    West Looks to Carve Up Ukraine & Privatize Industries Held by Kleptocrats
    Where Are Israeli-Palestinian Peace Negotiations Headed?
    The Multiple Kingdoms of Saudi Arabia (5/5)
    Do the Afghan Presidential Elections Signify Progress?
    Republican Presidential Hopefuls Pay Homage to Billionaire Casino Tycoon Sheldon Adelson
    Will Extremist Lieberman Become Israel's Next Prime Minister?
    Why do the Saudis Want the US to Attack Iran? (4/5)
    Immigrant Advocates and Families Tell President Obama 'Not One More'
    Elections, Pipelines, and Protests - The Canada Panel
    Chris Hedges on "Israel's War on American Universities"
    Baltimore Residents Decry Lack of Affordable Housing
    Yellen Talks the Talk But Will She Walk the Walk?
    Hopkins Hospital Workers Speak Out against "Poverty Wages"
    Will Venezuela's New Floating Exchange Rate Curb Inflation?
    The European Central Bank's War on Wages is Pushing Europe's Economy to the Brink
    Supreme Court Decision Opens Floodgates for More Campaign Cash
    Charles Keating, the Financier Behind the Savings and Loan Scandal, Dies at 90
    Saudi Arabia and the al-Qaeda Monster (3/5)
    Maryland Residents Voice Opposition to Natural Gas Fracking Export Facility
    Supreme Court Ruling Gives Wealthy Individuals More Influence Over Elections
    What are the Saudis Afraid Of? - Madawi Al-Rasheed (2/5)
    Baltimore's MICA Adjunct Professors Set to Vote on Unionization
    Boycott of Israel Moving to Next Level?
    Hypocrisy Dressed Up as "Realism" Justifies American Alliance with Saudi Dictatorship
    Immigration Reform in the Shadows of Cesar Chavez's Legacy
    Leaked Senate Report Shows Use of Torture As "Ineffective"
    UN Report Says Climate Change Will Threaten Food Production Worldwide
    The Hypocrisy of US Calling for Enforcement of International Law
    How the Ecuadorian Economy Grew in a Global Recession
    'Shadows of Liberty' Trailer
    Kristina Borjesson on Why CBS Shut Down Her investigation into Flight 800 (2/8)
    Glen Ford on Racism in the American Media (3/8)
    Paul Jay on What Drives Corporate Media and What Drive The Real News (4/8)
    Creating a New Media Paradigm After Citizens United (5/8)
    Should The Left Engage with the Mainstream Media? (6/8)
    What Is the Financial Backing For The Real News? (7/8)
    Standing up to Character Assassination (8/8)
    Oligarchs, Fascists and the People's Protest in Ukraine
    TRNN Debate: Is Obamacare In the Interest of Workers?
    Too-Big-To-Fail Advantage Remains Intact For Big Banks
    Obama and the Saudi Agenda
    TRNN Replay: Investigating the Saudi Government's 9/11 Connection and the Path to Disilliusionment - Sen. Graham on Reality Asserts Itself pt 1
    The Iraq War's Real Legacy
    Petitions with 100,000+ Signatures Call for Snowden's Passport to be Reinstated
    We Need to Harness People Power - Andy Shallal on Reality Asserts Itself (4/4)
    BC Pipeline Fight and Quebec Elections - The Canada Panel
    Jonathan Schell - 1943-2014: Board Member of TRNN on Why We Need The Real News
    Teachers on Strike from the UK to Argentina
    Connecticut Poised to Become First State with $10.10 Minimum Wage
    Oil Spill Threatens Wildlife and Local Economy
    DC School Test Scores Up, But Poor Black Kids Are Doing Worse - Andy Shallal on RAI (3/4)
    Obama's Proposal To End NSA Bulk Data Collection Won't Protect Privacy
    How Google, Apple & The Biggest Tech Companies Colluded to Fix Workers' Wages
    An American Should be One that Questions Their Government - Andy Shallal on RAI (2/4)
    What's Driving Putin & Obama's Posturing on Ukraine?
    Hundreds of Students & Faculty Occupy College Campus to Fight Cuts to Public Higher Ed
    Due Process 'Impossible' In Harsh Death Sentencing Of Over 500 Muslim Brotherhood Members
    Has Anglo-American Capitalism Run Out of Steam?
    Being the "Other" in America - Andy Shallal on Reality Asserts Itself (1/4)
    TRNN Debate: Should Baltimore 'Ban The Box'?
    How Fallujah Became the Iraqi Government's New Battleground
    Why I Decided to Blow the Whistle on the NSA
    NASA Climate Predictions Show Serious Threat To Humanity
    Professor Who Teaches Israel-Palestine Conflict Accuses College of Violating His Academic Freedom
    CIA and NSA Wrongdoing Requires Independent Investigation, Says Former Church Committee Staff
    Are Tuition Breaks Enough To Combat High Student Debt And Low Graduation Rates?
    Industries Across the U.S. Are Stealing Wages From Their Lowest Paid Workers
    Who In Ukraine Will Benefit From An IMF Bailout?
    NSA Recording All International Calls From U.S.
    Israel "Making Lives Miserable" for Africans, Hoping They 'Self-Deport' (2/2)
    BP Gets Green Light to Drill in Gulf, But Has Safety Improved?
    Residents Still Not Drinking Tap Water Two Months After West Virginia Spill (1/2)
    Libya's Descent Into Turmoil Three Years After NATO Intervention
    From Pipelines to Peladeau - Canadian Report
    Israel "Making Lives Miserable" for Africans, Hoping They 'Self-Deport' (1/2)
    Congressional Progressive Caucus Budget Strikes Back Against Austerity
    Libya Three Years Later - Chaos and Partition
    Why Was Gaddafi Overthrown?
    Should Ukraine and West Accept De Facto Crimea Joining Russia? (2/2)
    Tony Benn Saw Socialism as the Culmination of Democratization
    Why Didn't Bush/Cheney Attack Iran and Can Obama Make and Sell a Deal? - Gareth Porter on Reality Asserts Itself (3/3)
    After Late Mayor Lumumba is Laid to Rest, What's Next for Jackson, Mississippi? (2/2)
    Crimea Referendum: Self Determination or Big Power Manipulation? (1/2)
    Sen. Graham: President Must Side with Openness About CIA and 9/11
    Manufacturing a Narrative for War - Gareth Porter on Reality Asserts Itself (2/3)
    Protesters Hit the Streets of Brooklyn to Demand $15 Minimum Wage
    Hammer: 'Moral Bankruptcy' Behind Massive GM Recall
    White House Withholds Thousands of Documents from Senate CIA Probe
    I Grew Up Believing in Time Magazine's Version of America - Gareth Porter on RAI (1/3)
    Western European Banks Vulnerable to Ukrainian Sovereign Debt Crisis
    TRNN Debate: What's Driving Inflation in Venezuela? (2/2)
    CIA vs. Senate: Who Is Obama Protecting?
    Will Tipped Workers Get Excluded Again From Minimum Wage Hike?
    TRNN Debate: What's Driving Inflation in Venezuela? (1/2)
    After Late Mayor Lumumba is Laid to Rest, What's Next for Jackson, Mississippi?(1/2)
    TRNN Replay: A Look at Who's Poised to Become No.2 at the Fed
    How Right-Wing Nationalism Rose to Influence in Ukraine (2/2)
    Netanyahu Attacks Boycott As Campaign Enters New Phase
    Moving Towards a Police State - Michael Ratner on Reality Asserts Itself (7/7)
    Fighting Reagan's Secret, Illegal Wars - Michael Ratner on Reality Asserts Itself (6/7)
    Puerto Rican Independence Movement and Cuba Further Radicalized Me - Michael Ratner on RAI (5/7)
    The Butcher of Attica - Michael Ratner on Reality Asserts Itself (4/7)
    MLK and a Radicalizing Moment in American History - Michael Ratner on Reality Asserts Itself (3/7), Real News Network, Real News, Real News For Real People, IWT are trademarks and service marks of IWT.TV inc. "The Real News" is the flagship show of IWT and Real News Network.

    All original content on this site is copyright of The Real News Network.  Click here for more

    Problems with this site? Please let us know

    Linux VPS Hosting by Star Dot Hosting